False ceiling is provided below the roof slab on suspended supports. The false ceiling is usually provided for temperature control (heat insulation for AC), to install lights, or to conceal electrical and other networking cables and ugly or too high ceiling. False ceiling is an example of modern construction and architecture in both residential and commercial applications.
Components or Parts of False Ceiling:
The following figure shows the various components of a false ceiling:
Advantages of False Ceiling:
- It provides a smooth homogeneous surface to the roof.
- It provides fire protection as it creates compartmentation.
- False ceiling helps in acoustical treatment.
- It conceals all the non-pleasing elements and hides it from the viewer’s eyes.
- It also hides the pipelines and the electrical cables running in the room. All the ducts of air-conditioning can be hidden under it.
- False ceiling materials are easy to install and cheap as compared to traditional roof systems.
Types of False Ceiling:
False ceilings can be differentiated into many types based on their uses, material used and appearance and visibility.
The major classification based on materials used are listed briefly below,
- Gypsum Ceiling
- Plaster of Paris (POP) Ceiling
- Fiber Ceiling
- Wooden Ceiling
- Glass Ceiling
- Metal Ceiling
- Synthetic Leather or Cloth Ceiling
Gypsum False Ceiling
Gypsum false ceiling is a hydrated sulfate of calcium. This type of false ceiling is lightweight, sound insulated, fire resistance, soft and thermally insulated.
Gypsum false ceiling comes in the shape of square boards that are hung with the help of an iron framework. The finishing work on these boards like paints, laminates, wallpapers and texture finish gives good look.
Plaster of Paris Ceiling
Plaster of Paris (POP) is the majorly used material in the construction of false ceiling. POP is obtained when gypsum is heated to a certain degree. It gives the both aesthetical and functional help.
Plaster of Paris false ceiling is attractive, almost no maintenance and has a long life span. They are very excellent insulators or heat and cold.
These types of false ceiling don’t only hide the ugly members of the structure, ventilation ducts, and conduits but also give a smooth finish to the ceiling.
Fibre False Ceiling
Fibre false ceiling is in high demand for the construction of false ceiling due to low cost and easy installation. The material used to manufacture fiber ceiling panels are man-made by synthetic and natural minerals. As these are man-made they come in many shapes and sizes
Wooden False Ceiling
Wooden false ceiling is used due to its natural textures and pattern. Nowadays this types of false ceiling are used commonly as it gives a pleasant look to the eyes.
Wooden false ceiling being costly, is not used in malls and hospitals but can be installed in residential buildings. They can be given various finishes, or painted to get the right look.
Glass False Ceiling
One of the types of false ceiling used in construction is of glass. It is a non-crystalline material with the property of brittle and transparent. But this can be altered to make it non-brittle and non-transparent using some admixtures.
As glass is a good insulator of heat, it can be used for false ceiling. This type of false ceiling improves the aesthetical appearance of the building.
As metal is a hard and durable material, it is used extensively in the false ceiling. When the metal surface is polished it gives a shiny surface which is a treat for eyes.
The metals used in this are galvanized iron and aluminum. The cost of this ceiling is low as they are easy to install and access. The hidden members of the structure are easily accessed as the panels are easily removable and reattached. The construction cost becomes less as the installation, fixing and maintained are low.
Synthetic Leather or Cloth Ceiling
The materials used in this type of ceilings are either leather or cloth. As both the used materials are man-made they can be given any form, shape, and design which improves the aesthetic view of the interior of the building.
As these collect dust and have low light transferring property it’s only used in temporary tents or other temporary buildings.